The role of ICDS schemes is to reach the beneficiaries like children, aged between 06 months to 06 years, pregnant women,lactating mothers and adolescent girls and give them awareness about nutrition better health, education etc. But still some villages are uncovered and our main motive is to cover all the beneficiaries. The Programme Office is the main office of ICDS (Integrated Child Dev. Service). Under this office there are 06 ICDS projects functioning in different blocks. There are 476 ICDS centre is sanctioned in the district out of which 462 ICDS centre is functioning with the coverage of 7897 beneficiaries.
India has the second largest child population in the world. India’s interest in the welfare of children is well known. The constitution of India has provisions relating to this welfare. The birth anniversary of our first Prime Minister Shri Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, November 14th is celebrated as Children’s Day in the country. During the first four five year plans, a large number of programmes were launched by the government for welfare of children. These programmes were in fields of health, food and nutrition, education etc.
Inspite of all these programmes, children in our country still faced many problems. A large number of children die before their first birthday.
Poverty further increases the problems of our children especially in rural, tribal urban and slum areas. Infant mortality is much higher in rural areas. The programmes initially launched by the government for the welfare of children each dealt with only one problem at a time. There was no coordination among different programmes. For example, the programme of supplementary nutrition was supported by health coverage or immunization. It has now been realized that all essential services for the proper development of the child should provide simultaneously to children and mothers right from their own village and ward.
The scheme of Integrated Child Development Service (ICDS) was initiated in 1975. Launched in 33 blocks, on the 106th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, ICDS was designed as a benefiting tribute to his ideals.
In our own district, Leh, it was first started in the year 1980 with 35 centres. Recently a scheme called Kishori Shakti Yojna scheme has been launched under ICDS. Under this scheme adolescent girls (11-18 years) are provided vocational trainings. So that they can set up their own business later on and earn some livelihood.
i. To improve the nutritional and health status of children in the age group of 6 months-6 years.
ii. To lay the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social development of the child.
iii. To reduce the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school drop-out.
iv. To achieve effective coordination of policy and implementation amongst the various departments to promote child development and
v. To enhance the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and health education.
The Six activities of ICDS are:-
i. Supplementary Nutrition:
Expectant, Nursing mothers and 6 months to 6 years children are provided supplementary nutrition. Recently adolescent girls between the age of 11-18 years are also being included. They are provided with SN in order to improve the nutritional and health status. Supplementary Nutrition is a supplement or in addition a not a substitute. Therefore, mothers should not reduce the food intake of the child at home because supplementary nutrition is provided to the child at the Anganwadi.
Supplementary Nutrition aims at filling the gap between the actual food intake at home and the total food requirement.
ii. Health Checkup:
Expectant, nursing mothers, 6months-6years, adolescent girls are provided health checkup by ANM / FMPHW (health staff of ICDS and Health Deptt.).
iii. Primary Health Care / Referral Services:
Expectant, nursing mother, 6months-6years, adolescent girls (11-18 years) are given the above services at the centre. But if there is any serious problem they are referred to PHC or to a city hospital. These services are provided by the health staff and Anganwadi Worker. Anganwadi Centre is the focal point for delivering of these services.
Immunization of children from 6 months-6 years against 6 killer diseases and immunization of expectant/ pregnant mothers is to be done in Anganwadi Centres. This service is carried smooth by medical department on their own. But recently at 02 Anganwadi Centres immunization is carried out by ICDS medical staff i.e. FMPHW. The Anganwadi worker has an important role in providing this service though actual immunization is given by the health staff.
v. Nutrition and Health Education:
Expectant, Nursing Mothers, adolescent girls (11-18 years) other women 15-45 years are given nutrition and health education by Child Dev. Project Officers, Supervisors, Anganwadi Workers and Health Staff.
vi. Non Formal Pre School Education:
This is essential for all round development of the child. Pre-School Education is provided to children in the age group of 3-6 years.
Pre-school education becomes a link between the Anganwadi and the primary school. Various pre-school kits is provided to the Anganwadi Centres from the Department. The Anganwadi workers can use local materials which are low cost or no cost for Pre-school education. Emphasis should be on no cost items.
In our district, Leh it was first started in the year 1980 with only 35 centres. 263 more AWCs are opened in Phase-I in the District, in the Phase II it was 102 & in the Phase III it is 76. Now at present in Leh district we are having total 476 sanctioned Anganwadi Centres out of which 462 are functioning, covering 7897 beneficiaries(ending march 2011). Recently a scheme called Kishori Shakti Yojna scheme has been launched under ICDS. Under this scheme adolescent girls (11-18 years) are provided vocational training in tailoring. So that they can set up their own business later on and earn some livelihood.
The block wise ICDS projects with their beneficiaries(ending march 2011) are as under:-
Leh ICDS project has the total beneficiaries of 2303 out of which 2117 childrens in the age group of 6 month to 6 years and 686 pregnant/nursing mothers.
Nubra ICDS project has the total beneficiaries of 2077 out of which 1800 are childrens in the age group of 6 month to 6 years and 291 Nursing/Pregnant Mothers.
Khaltsi Project has the total beneficiaries of 1506 out of which 1197 are in the age group of 6month to 6years children and 210 nursing and pregnant mothers.
Nyoma project has the total of 729 beneficiaries out of which 633 childrens in the age group of 6 month to 6 years and 94 Pregnant/nursing mothers.
Kharu Porject has the total of 517 beneficiaries out of which 452 childrens in the age group fo 6 month to 6 years and 80 Pregnant/ Nursing mothers.
Durbuk Project has the total of 430 beneficiaries out of which 262 childrens in the age group of 6 month to 6 years and 75 Pregnant /Nursing mothers.
Children 06 month - 06 years = 6461
Pregnant / Nursing Mothers = 1436
Total = 7897
The District Programme Officer ICDS Office Leh is situated in the old Bal-Ashram Complex near polo ground, Leh.
Phone : 01982-257743